Anthracophyllum sp.

 

The genus Anthracophyllum Ces. is widespread in tropical regions, and contains around eight species[1],[2].

The specimen was collected from Dapoli.

 

Morphology:

Fruit bodies are sessile having no stipe and thus arising directly from the substratum. Pileus 5-25 mm diam., semicircular to dimidiate; surface smooth, tomato red to reddish brown; margin incurved. Gills few, directly arising from the attached surface, deep red; margin entire.

Culinary value:

Few species of Anthracophyllum are reported as inedible while there is no information on other species[3].

Medicinal importance:

The study has exhibited potent antioxidant and antiproliferative activity by the crude extract of the A. lateritium. It has also shown apoptotic effect against RD cells supporting for the ethnopharmacological use in control of oxidative damage and remedy of cancer[4].

Industrial importance:

Pentachlorophenol (PCP) belongs to a class of environmental pollutants having high toxicity and are resistance to degradation. White rot fungi such as Anthracophyllum discolour has the capacity to treat the contaminated soil. Experiments were conducted where fungus was grown on Kirk medium and on distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). The highest degradation was observed by A. discolour. Thus, this property can be applied in biotechnological applications[5],[6].

Unique features:

Lack of information

Interesting facts:

Lack of information

Commercial products:

Lack of information

Review of patents:

Lack of information

Review of publications:

  1. Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a dangerous pollutant. The study discovered the PCP concentration and pH levels at which PCP is adsorbed by discolor. Thus, Live fungal pellets of A. discolor may be used as a natural biosorbent for liquid solutions contaminated by PCP[7].
  2. The revision of genus Anthracophyllum is provided with the recognition of eight species along with their descriptions and a key to identify species[8].
  3. Atrazine is a toxic herbicide and accumulates in the environment. The study has formulated a novel pelletized support to immobilize the white-rot fungus discolor to improve its capability to degrade the atrazine using a biopurification system[9].
  4. Pellets of discolor along with activated carbon and sawdust (complex pellets) were formulated for the degradation of lignin in water and the bioremediation of soil contaminated with pentachlorophenol. Sawdust and activated carbon proved to be suitable carriers of A. discolor for degradation of organic pollutants in wastewater and soil[10].

Links to more publications:

  1. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45096676_Bioremediation_of_Soil_Contaminated_with_Pentachlorophenol_by_Anthracophyllum_discolor_and_Its_Effect_on_Soil_Microbial_Community
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20435332
  3. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132011000600013

Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Basidiomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Family: Omphalotaceae

Genus: Anthracophyllum

Related links:

  1. http://www.fncv.org.au/wp-content/themes/field-naturalist/publications/fungi_in_australia/fia-8-pg-lateral-stipe.pdf
  2. https://fungimap.org.au/index.php/fduonline-home/24/294/agarics/P-anthracophyllum-archeri
  3. http://bie.ala.org.au/species/60953172-dcd8-4b62-8f78-3c9b760f2f57
  4. http://www.hiddenforest.co.nz/fungi/family/marasmiaceae/anthr01.htm
  5. http://www.eol.org/pages/6699404/hierarchy_entries/36003737/overview

 

 

 

 

 

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthracophyllum

[2]http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953756289801625

[3]https://books.google.co.in/books?id=cm5kAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA135&lpg=PA135&dq=is+anthracophyllum+edible?&source=bl&ots=Tlk7pUPNUg&sig=k0AZqLwmNg85TpYdokirDIPc4TM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjS9KjQ043WAhXGw7wKHY6yBRQQ6AEIPzAF#v=onepage&q=is%20anthracophyllum%20edible%3F&f=false

[4] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4636801/

[5] http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ie061678b

[6] http://file.scirp.org/Html/5-2200745_42135.htm#txtF4

[7] http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871678414021323

[8] http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0953756289801625

[9] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27815917

[10] http://mingaonline.uach.cl/pdf/rcsuelo/v9n3/art01.pdf

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