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Chlorophyllum molybdites (G. Mey) Masee ex P. Syd., Just’s Bot. Jahresber. 26: 159 (1900)

 

The species C. molybdites is saprobic, growing alone, scattered or gregariously in lawns and meadows and forms fairy rings. It is found to be distributed in temperate and subtropical regions around the world. The specimen was collected from Mango Garden, CBD Belapur, Navi Mumbai.

Morphology:

Cap is 50-120 mm in diameter, convex, becoming flat at the maturity. Surface scaly, recurved scales are present especially at the center. Margin is crisped, rimose, becoming eroded with age. Lamellae free, moderately close to crowded, cream colored, becoming buff-brown to greyish olive. Stipe is 10-150 × 5-12 mm, expanding below with bulbous base, surface smooth and shiny, radially fibrillose, and solid. Annulus is superior, double and white above. Spore print is green. 

Culinary value:

It is inedible as food; toxic and causes gastrointestinal upsets1

Medicinal importance:

Lack of information

Industrial importance:

Lack of information

Unique features:

Chlorophyllum molybdites produces a green colored spore print which is a rare feature among mushrooms2.

Interesting features:

Lack of information

Commercial products:

Lack of information

Patents:

A new method is developed for producing Chlorophyllum molybdites (Meyer.: Fr.) massee fruiting bodies3.

 

Publications:

  1. Three cases of poisoning by C. molybdites are described along with a morphological description of the material causing the first poisoning4.
  2. Mushroom poisoning by C. molybdites is described with the case of a child who presented in hypovolemic shock after ingesting a mushroom that is usually considered to produce a benign gastrointestinal illness5.
  3. A key is described to identify the species of Chlorophyllum6.

 

Classification7:

 

Kingdom:

Fungi

Phylum:

Basidiomycota

Class:

Agaricomycetes

Subclass:

Homobasidiomycetidae

Order:

Agaricales

Family:

Agaricaceae

Genus:

Chlorophyllum

Species:

molybdites

 

 

Related links:

 

  1. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/chlorophyllum_molybdites.html
  2. http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Chlorophyllum_molybdites.html
  3. https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/chlorophyllum-molybdites/
  4. http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/aug99.html

 

References:

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mushroom_poisoning

2. https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/PP/PP32400.pdf)

3. https://www.google.com/patents/CN101518190A?cl=en

4. de Meijer AAR, Amazonas MALA, Rubio GBG, Curial RM (2007) Incidences of poisonings due to Chlorophyllum molybdites in the state of Paraná, Brazil, Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 50 (3) :479-488

5. Stenklyft PH, Augenstein WL (2008). Chlorophyllum molybdites-severe mushroom poisoning in a child. Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology 28 (2): 159-168

6. https://nature.berkeley.edu/brunslab/ev/CHLOROPHYLLUM.pdf

7.http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/NamesRecord.asp?RecordID=357300

 

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