Peziza Dill. ex Fries

 

Peziza a commonly called cup fungi, is a genus of saprophytic fungi that grow on the ground, rotting wood, or dung[1], [2].  The specimen was collected from Amboli, district Sindhudurgh, Maharashtra.

 

Morphology:

 

A fruiting body of species of Peziza is mostly cup or disc-shaped called an apothecium. The apothecia are mostly sessile but sometimes stalked, minute to very large (0.5-10.0 cm or more in diameter), brightly colored (but lacking carotenoids) to dark brown; smooth, velvety, hairy or bristly[3]. The genus contains more than 100 species; accurate identification of many species of this genus is difficult without microscopic characters[4].

 

Culinary value:

 

Peziza domiciliana is known to be an edible species without any toxicity as well as adverse health effects. Allergenicity of Peziza domiciliana is not yet studied3.  Peziza badia generally considered as edible provided it has been thoroughly cooked. If inadequately cooked or eaten raw it is poisonous, and can cause seriously unpleasant stomach upsets[5]

 

Medicinal importance:

 

Lack of information

 

Industrial importance:

 

Lack of information

 

Unique features:

 

Lack of information

 

Interesting facts:

 

Lack of information

 

Commercial products:

 

Lack of information

 

Review of patents:

 

A cardboard box for packing goods is prepared using infusion of seeds and beneficial fungal inoculants. The same box after delivery if stored in dirt and watered allows the growth of seeds and fungi. Thus, the carbon is sequestered. The fungal genera include Peziza sp. along with other saprophytic and mycorrhizal fungi[6]. The inventor of this patent is Paul Stamets and filed to United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

 

Review of publications:

 

  1. 1.In this study, morphological characters and substrate specificities used for species differentiation were evaluated using sequences from the complete ITS region (ITS1-5±8S-ITS2). Eighty-three specimens were selected for molecular study from a larger sample of material studied morphologically to explore the intra- and interspecific variation of each putative species[7].
  2. 2.The study has evaluated the phylogeny of Pezizaceae. For this 69 and 72 partial sequences were obtained from two nuclear protein-coding genes, RPB2 (encoding the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II) and -tubulin respectively to analyze with nuclear ribosomal large subunit RNA gene sequences (LSU). The study included 32 species of Peziza, and 27 species from nine additional epigeous and six hypogeous (truZe) pezizaceous genera. Combined analysis was carried out using parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian approaches. The results supported the use of RPB2 marker for ascomycete phylogenetics at the inter-generic level[8].
  3. 3.Phylogenetic relationships among members of the Pezizaceae were studied with an emphasis on Peziza. The study included 90 partial LSU rDNA sequences from 51 species of Peziza and 20 species from 8 additional epigeous genera of the Pezizaceae[9].
  4. 4.Species diversity of Peziza in Israel is studied. In this study, total 25 Peziza species are recorded from Israel for which locations and collection dates, habitat data, general distribution, and taxonomic remarks are provided. The study recorded two new species which are detailed with macro- and micromorphological descriptions and illustrations[10].
  5. 5.Peziza fimeti, a new record from Nepal has been recently collected growing on cow dung at Bhanimandal, Lalitpur[11].

 

Classification2:

 

Kingdom: Fungi

Division: Ascomycota

Class: Pezizomycetes

Order: Pezizales

Family: Pezizaceae

Genus: Peziza

 

Related links:

 

 

  1. http://www.svims.ca/council/Pezizc.htm
  2. http://arizona-mushrooms.org/2014/08/07/wind-induced-sporulation-peziza/
  3. https://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/images/documents/about/science/fungus/38_2010-01__02_Peziza_tenacella_DEC_FF.pdf
  4. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/96/Peziza_repanda_146444.jpg/800px-Peziza_repanda_146444.jpg
  5. http://www.biologydiscussion.com/fungi/life-cycle-of-peziza-with-diagram-fungi/63700
  6. http://www.biologydiscussion.com/fungi/reproductive-structures-of-peziza-with-diagram-fungi/54278
  7. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/peziza_repanda.html
  8. http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Peziza_repanda.html
  9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CoHDaFNzTTI
  10. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQmqQ9VxcMU

 

 

 

[1] https://www.emlab.com/app/fungi/Fungi.po?event=fungi&type=secondary&species=97&name=Peziza

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peziza

[3] http://vle.du.ac.in/mod/book/print.php?id=10213&chapterid=16925

[4] http://www.first-nature.com/fungi/peziza-micropus.php

[5] http://www.first-nature.com/fungi/peziza-badia.php

[6] https://www.google.com/patents/US20080046277

[7] https://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/3153301/pfister_phylogeneticdiversitycore.pdf?sequence=1

[8] https://pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/files/dpfister/files/hansen_peziza_and_pezizaceae.pdf

[9] https://pfistergroup.oeb.harvard.edu/files/dpfister/files/hansen_phylogenetics.pdf

[10]https://www.researchgate.net/publication/230559797_The_genus_Peziza_Dill_ex_Fr_Pezizales_Ascomycota_in_Israel

[11] http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ECO/article/view/11328/9177

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