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Phellinus Quél. 

 

Phellinus species are growing on wood. Many species cause white rot. The specimens were collected from Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Kanakeshwar and Amboli.

 

Morphology:

 

Fruit bodies 90-140 × 60-80 × 40-85 mm; surface blackish brown, concentrically zonate (as there are layers of growth because of which it will create rings), sulcate striate, crust thick, hard and corky, while margin is thin, 1-2 mm thick. Hymenophore poroid, pores small, round, tubes in layer, easily separable. Stipe absent, narrowly attached to the substratum.

 

Culinary value:

 

Majority of the species are inedible as food, however, they are ingested for its medicinal importance. In Korea, P. linteus is made into a tea and drunk on a regular basis[1].

 

Medicinal importance:

 

  1. 1.Phellinus fruiting bodies are used by Aborigines as they have medicinal value. Inhalation of the smoke from burning fruit bodies is used to treat the sore throats, while, scrapings from slightly charred fruiting bodies when drink with water used as a treatment for cough, sore throats, bad chests, fevers and diarrhoea. However, there is some uncertainty about which species of Phellinus were used[2].
  2. 2.Phellinus linteus is used as a traditional oriental medicine in Japan, China and Korea[3].
  3. 3.An old study from Japan demonstarted the strongest antitumor effects[4].
  4. 4.Phellinus linteus demonstrated immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-angiogenic and anti-oxidant effects[5].
  5. 5.It is also said that Phellinus linteus boost the body’s immune system and also hailed as having properties that can regulate blood sugar levels[6]

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Industrial importance:

 

Lack of information

 

Unique features:

 

Lack of information

 

Interesting facts:

 

Lack of information

 

Commercial products:

 

To check the product range, visit:

  1. 1.https://www.alibaba.com/showroom/phellinus-linteus-mushroom.html;
  2. 2.http://my.agrotrade.net/mushville/GC0110/CA00002993/product.html;
  3. 3.http://www.activehealth.co.uk/Phellinus-Linteus-Extract__p-69.aspx

 

Review of patents:

 

Lack of information

 

Review of publications:

 

  1. 1.Identification of four strains of Phellinus was carried out based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA sequence analysis and morphological characteristics[7].
  2. 2.Eskimos of Western Alaska burnt fruit bodies of Phellinus igniarius and ashes were mixed with tobacco. It has given a powerful kick to the chewing tobacco[8].
  3. 3.The methanolic extracts of rimosus were evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity and revealed the potential therapeutic value as an anti-inflammatory region[9].
  4. 4.Extract of igniarius were evaluated for multiple sclerosis and results suggested that the species may have a high therapeutic potential for making multiple sclerosis progression more tolerable[10].

 

Links to more publications:

 

  1. 1.http://www.nature.com/ja/journal/v64/n5/full/ja20112a.html;
  2. 2.https://bibliotecadigital.ipb.pt/bitstream/10198/10158/4/Phellinus_LWT_Revised.pdf;
  3. 3.https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/fungi/Basidiomycetes/Documents/0524-01F.pdf;
  4. 4.https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/51211/phellinus_noxius_web.pdf;
  5. 5.https://nac.unl.ed
  6. 6.http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15572536.2004.11833133?journalCode=umyc20

 

Classification[11]:

 

Kingdom:

Fungi

Division:

Basidiomycota

Class:

Agaricomycetes

Order:

Hymenochaetales

Family:

Hymenochaetaceae

Genus:

Phellinus

 

Related links:

 

  1. https://www.google.co.in/search?q=Phellinus+site:www.mushroomexpert.com&hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&filter=0&gws_rd=cr&ei=FU0QWeaqK4bfgAb5jIKwCA
  2. http://www.indexfungorum.org/names/Names.asp
  3. http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/feb2004.html
  4. http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/toms_fungi/nov2005.html

 

 

[1]http://www.medicalmushrooms.net/phellinus-linteus/

[2]https://www.anbg.gov.au/fungi/aboriginal.html

[3]Sliva D (2010) Medicinal mushroom Phellinuslinteus as an alternative cancer therapy. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 1(3): 407-411

[4]Ikekawa T, Nakanishi M, Uehara N, Chihara G, Fukuoka F (1968) Antitumor action of some Basidiomycetes, especially Phellinuslinteus. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research, 59:155–157

[5]Inagaki N, Shibata T, Itoh T, Suzuki T, Tanaka H, Nakamura T, Akiyama Y, Kawagishi H, Nagai H (2005) Inhibition of IgE-dependent mouse triphasic cutaneous reaction by a boiling water fraction separated from mycelium of Phellinuslinteus. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2: 369–374;

[6]http://www.medicalmushrooms.net/phellinus-linteus/

 

[7]Shin K-S (2001) Identification of Some Phellinus spp. Mycobiology, 29(4): 190-193

[8]Blanchette RA, Renner CC, Held BW, Enoch C, Angstman S (2002) The current use of Phellinusigniarius by the Eskimos of Western Alaska. Mycologist, 16(4)

[9]Ajith TA, Janardhanan KK (2001) Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of methanol extract of Phellinusrimosus (Berk) Pilat. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 39: 1166-1169

[10]Li L, Wu G, Choi Y, Park HJ (2014) A Mushroom extract Piwep from Phellinusigniarius ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inhibiting immune cell infiltration in the spinal cord. BioMed Research International, Article ID 218274, 11 pages

[11]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phellinus

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