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Trogia Fr.

 

Genus is distributed in tropical and subtropical countries and comprising of around 20 species. The species are generally gilled with white, yellowish or pinkish spore prints. Fruit bodies are tough when dry; however can be revived by moistening. The species are usually found to be grown on rotting wood[1].

The specimens were collected from Amboli, Dapoli, Sanjay Gandhi National Park.

 

Morphology:

 

Culinary value:

 

Trogia infundibuliformis and T. cantharelloides are considered as edible species[2], [3],[4].

 

Medicinal importance:

 

Lack of information

 

Industrial importance:

 

  1. 1.Trogia buccinalis showed the potential of Brilliant Blue R dye decolorization[5]. This can be studied further for its large scale applicability.
  2. 2.Trogia crispa is used to color the wood, it imparts brown color. This particular fungal species not only change the color of the wood but also produces different patterns on the wood[6].

 

Unique features:

 

Lack of information

 

Interesting facts:

 

Lack of information

 

Review of patents:

 

The patent is granted for the method in which T. crispa is used along with other fungal species to impart various commercially desirable colors on wood and wood products. The inventors of this method were Dian-Qing Yang, Manon Gignac and the applicant was Fpinnovations. The patent was granted by European Patent Office[7].

 

Review of publications:

 

  1. 1.Two species of Trogia were discovered from Kerala state. Trogia cyanea was rediscovered after more than seven decades of its original discovery from Malaysia and infundibuliformis was recorded for the first time from Kerala. Both species are fully described and illustrated in the study[8].
  2. 2.The chemical composition and nutritional value (proximate, amino acid, fatty acid and mineral analysis) of two wild mushroom species namely, Trogia cantharelloides and Amanita hemibapha was determined. The macronutrient profile in general, revealed that both the mushrooms were rich source of carbohydrates and protein, and had low fat content[9].
  3. 3.Trogia venenata was suspected for sudden deaths in Yunnan, southwest China. Hence, the study examined barium concentrations in the mushroom Trogia venenata. The results disproved the hypothesis that there is a high barium concentration in  venenata. Barium concentrations in T. venenata from Yunnan were found to be low and comparable to other foods[10], [11].
  4. 4.Trogia infundibuliformis was reported from Western Ghats of Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra[12].

 

Links to more publications:

 

  1. 1.http://humidtropics.cgiar.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/04/Final_Mushroom-Field-Manual_Mar-2014_for-WEB.pdf

 

Classification1:

 

Kingdom:     Fungi

Division:       Basidiomycota

Class:             Agaricomycetes

Order:           Agaricales

Family:          Marasmiaceae

Genus:         Trogia

 

Related links:

 

  1. 1.http://cen.acs.org/articles/90/web/2012/02/Behind-Mushroom-Scourge.html
  2. 2.http://www.chemistryviews.org/details/ezine/1455939/Deadly_Chinese_Mushrooms.html
  3. 3.http://www.eol.org/pages/21168/hierarchy_entries/36003141/details
  4. 4.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trogia_venenata

 

 

 

 

 

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trogia

[2] http://www.fao.org/docrep/007/y5489e/y5489e14.htm

[3]https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Zd2NlcNZgvcC&pg=PA111&lpg=PA111&dq=Is+trogia+edible?&source=bl&ots=ViyXsgYIuR&sig=dV4PPONs4tAwaUe5S1UjXIyJu_A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjC5erPluDVAhUBKY8KHe1oAXIQ6AEINzAC#v=onepage&q=Is%20trogia%20edible%3F&f=false

[4] http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my/24%20(02)%202017/(30).pdf

[5] http://www.itqb.unl.pt/~imartins/Pinedo_Rivilla_etal_2009.pdf

[6] http://hardwoodinitiative.fpinnovations.ca/files/publications-reports/reports/project-no8-coloring-and-decolorizing-wood-via-biotechnology.pdf

[7] https://www.google.com/patents/WO2012119228A1

[8]https://www.researchgate.net/publication/230774337_Rediscovery_of_Trogia_cyanea_and_a_record_of_T_infundibuliformis_Marasmiaceae_Agaricales_from_Kerala_State_India

[9] http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my/24%20(02)%202017/(30).pdf

[10] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3502919/

[11] http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0035894

[12] http://www.creamjournal.org/pdf/Cream_4_1_5.pdf

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