Plant Name Firmiana colorata
Marathi: Kavisha/ Kaushi
Hindi: Bodula, Walena
English: Bon fire tree
Firmiana colorata is a deciduous tree growing up to 15 metres tall.
The tree is harvested from the wild for a fibre, which is used locally.
20-30mm thick, grey black, rough, longitudinally fissured
Simple, large, round shaped, covered with microscopic hair, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets; stipules free
Fragrant, bisexual, scarlet, in terminal panicled racemes, clothed with orange-red tomentum; corolla is absent,
Aggregate of 5 follicles, each 6-7.5 cm long, membranous, greenish-pink; seeds 2, ovoid, yellow
Habit / Habitat
Wetland habitats, including floodplains, pond lakes, marshes, pools, lagoons, swamp, semi evergreen and moist deciduous forest
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
Used by tribal community in Jawhar Bark
Method of consumption
Jawhar tribal Bark decocation used in urine infection and stomach pain
Medicinal use Bark decoction is used to treat urine infection and stomach pain.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
Flowering and fruiting season in January- June
Seedling season: May to August
How to grow it?
Firmiana colorata is pollinated by a wide variety of insects and self-propagation. Mechanical dispersal could be carried out by barochory (dispersal of seeds by gravity). It can be raised either from stem cuttings or fresh seeds
Method of storage
Bark is not stored. It is used directly from the tree whenever required. Seeds does not well hence should be sown as soon as possible.
The bark yeils fibre which used for making ropes
In Chittagong Hill Tracts, bark and root juice mixed with goat milk is given in jaundice by the Marma tribe (Yusuf et al.2009).
- http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229750 b