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Plant Name        Firmiana colorata           

                Common name:

                Marathi:              Kavisha/ Kaushi               

                Hindi:                   Bodula, Walena               

                English:                Bon fire tree     

                Jawhar:                Kavisha/Kavisa 

                               

Identification guide

General              

Firmiana colorata is a deciduous tree growing up to 15 metres tall.

The tree is harvested from the wild for a fibre, which is used locally.

Bark

20-30mm thick, grey black, rough, longitudinally fissured

Leaves

Simple, large, round shaped, covered with microscopic hair, alternate, clustered at the tips of branchlets; stipules free

Flowers               

Fragrant, bisexual, scarlet, in terminal panicled racemes, clothed with orange-red tomentum; corolla is absent,

Fruits

Aggregate of 5 follicles, each 6-7.5 cm long, membranous, greenish-pink; seeds 2, ovoid, yellow

                               

Habit / Habitat

 Deciduous tree

Wetland habitats, including floodplains, pond lakes, marshes, pools, lagoons,     swamp, semi evergreen and moist deciduous forest

                               

Occurrence

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka   

                               

Edible parts

Used by tribal community in Jawhar       Bark

                               

Method of consumption

Jawhar tribal      Bark decocation used in urine infection and stomach pain            

Medicinal use   Bark decoction is used to treat urine infection and stomach pain.

                               

                               

Propagation and Storage

Season of collection

Flowering and fruiting season in January- June

Seedling season: May to August 

 How to grow it?

Firmiana colorata is pollinated by a wide variety of insects and self-propagation. Mechanical dispersal could be carried out by barochory (dispersal of seeds by gravity). It can be raised either from stem cuttings or fresh seeds 

Method of storage

 Bark is not stored. It is used directly from the tree whenever required. Seeds does not well hence should be sown as soon as possible.

                               

Other uses

The bark yeils fibre which used for making ropes 

In Chittagong Hill Tracts, bark and root juice mixed with goat milk is given in jaundice by the Marma tribe (Yusuf et al.2009).

                               

Classification

Kingdom:            Plantae

Division:              Spermatophyta

Sub-division:     Angiospermae

Class:                    Dicotyledonae

Sub-class:            Polypetalae

Series:                  Thalamiflorae

Order:                   Malvales

Family:                  Sterculiaceae

Genus:                 Firmiana

Species:               colorata

 

References

  1. http://www.pitchandikulam-herbarium.org/contents/ecology-distribution.php?id=86
  2. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229750 b
  3. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/65257/#b
  4. http://www.pitchandikulam-herbarium.org/contents/handicrafts.php?id=86
  5. http://www.mpbd.info/plants/firmiana-colorata.php
  6. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229750
  7. http://www.pitchandikulam-herbarium.org/contents/phenology.php?id=86
  8. http://www.pitchandikulam-herbarium.org/contents/reproduction.php?id=86
  9. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/65257/#b
  10. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/65257/#b

 

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