Plant Name        Grewia tillifolia

Common name:  Dhaman

                Marathi:              Kali dhaman      

                Hindi:                   Dhamani             

                English:                 Dhaman             

                Jawhar:                Kali dhaman      

                                               

                               

Identification guide

Bark      

grey- dark brown colour, vertically striated

Leaves

Simple, alternately arranged, oblique, heart shaped stipulate, ovate with oblique base, acuminate, crenate-denate, swollen tipped, margin double serrate

Flowers

bisexual, yellow, small, borne on thick axillary peduncles, drupe globose and a size of pea size fruits.

Fruits

a drupe, reddish-purple, 2 lobed, sparsely hairy

                               

Habit / Habitat

Moderate to large size, dicot tree 

It grows in moist, tropical to sub-tropical regions. Found at the elevation up to 900 meters.

                               

Occurrence

Tropical Africa, India and Indo-China.     

                               

Edible parts

Used by tribal community in Jawhar:     Fruits, roots and bark

                               

Method of consumption

Jawhar tribal:    Raw fruits are consumed. 

               

Medicinal use  

 Root extract is used to cure stomach ache.

 Bark decoction is used to treat piles and cure the pain in bone joints.

                               

Nutritional and medicinal information

Nutritive Significance:

 Literature review: 

Mineral content of the fruits

 

Sr. No            Nutrients                      Mg/100g

1            Phosphorous                    2.52 ±0.04

2             Potassium                         1302 ±2

3               Calcium                         109.4 ±0.20

4              Magnesium                   402.2 ±0.15

5             Sodium                             239.3 ±1.15

             Micro-nutrients

6           Iron                                        31.13 ±0.05

7               Zinc                                   5.4 ±0.43

8              Copper                                2.3 ±0.05

9                Manganese                 2.7 ±0.015

               

                               

Propagation and Storage

 Season of collection

Edible: Summer

Medicinal parts: Annually

How to grow it?

In wild, seeds are dispersed by wind

Method of storage

Propagules: Seeds

Edibles: Eaten immediately after harvested from wild.

               

                               

Classification

Kingdom:            Plantae

Division:              Spermatophyta

Sub-division:     Angiospermae

Class:                    Dicotyledonae

Sub-class:            Polypetalae

Series:                  Thalamiflorae

Order:                   Malvales

Family:                 Tiliaceae

Genus:                 Grewia

Species:               tiliaefoli

References

  1. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/31410
  2. http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Dhaman.html
  3. http://ijabpt.com/pdf/22065-II-Valvi[1].

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