Plant Name        Holarrhena antidysenterica        

                Common name:    Indrajao

                Marathi:               Safed Kuda       

                Hindi:                   Karva indrajau  

                English:                Tellicherry          

                Jawhar:                Safed kuda        



Identification guide


thin and cylindrical, with two follicles attached together at distal ends, contains 25-30 seeds each2


short, pale bark with several branches


opposite, ovate, obtusely acuminate and long with short stalks


white and turm creamish yellow at mayurity, appear at the end of the branch in corymb like cymes, have oblong petals.


light brown or smoky in colour.


Habit / Habitat

Deciduous shrub/ small tree

It grows well on open wastelands and uplands



 It is commonly found and- native India, sub-Himalayan tract, and other parts in Aisia     


Edible parts       

Used by tribal community in Jawhar:     Flowers


Method of consumption

Jawhar tribal:    Flower are boiled and cooked as vegetable.

Medicinal use:  Flower are boiled and cooked as vegetable


Nutritional and medicinal information

Pharmaceutical significance

Literature review:

1) The ethanolic extract of H.antidysentrica seeds was tested on diarrhoea infected rats. The study showed multiple antibiotic resistance against the bacteria and suggested that the alkaloids present in the ethanolic extract have significant anti-bacterial and diarrhoeal properties .

2)  The effect of aqueous extract of seed of Holarrhena antidysenterica for the management of streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetes in rat showed significant recovery in the levels of lipid profile. Thus, the study concluded that the plants consists of antidiabetic activities.

3) A study on Hydo-alcoholic crude extract of the said plant was carried out to provide pharmacological basis for traditional medicinal use in treating gastrointestinal disorders. The results indicated that the gut stimulant and relaxant activities of Holarrhena antidysenterica are mediated through activation of histamine receptors and Ca(++) channel blockade. Thus study provided a significant background for its usefulness in gut motility disorders


Propagation and Storage

 Season of collection

Edible: Flowers are collected from April to July 

 How to grow it?

The natural propagation is by seeds.


Method of storage

Propagules: Seeds are dried and stored

Edibles: Consumed immediately after harvest



Kingdom:            Plantae

Division:              Spermatophyta

Sub-division:     Angiospermae

Class:                    Dicotyledonae

Sub-class:            Gamopetalae

Series:                  Bicarpellatae

Order:                   Gentianales

Family:                  Apocynaceae

Genus:                  Holarrhena

Species:               antidysenterica





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