Plant Name Garuga pinnata
Common name: Garuga
Marathi: Kakad/ Kakodshi
Jawhar: Kakad/ Kakhodshi
Garuga is a deciduous tree growing up to 18 metres tall, with bark pealing off in flakes.
The tree is cultivated in home gardens in India for its edible fruit and also as a support for Piper nigrum
imparipinnate, long, 13-21 leaflets
small, yellow, branched axillary tomentose panicles,several together at ends of the branches .
round, fleshy, size of a gooseberry, green when mature and turns yellow- blackish when ripe .
Habit / Habitat
Used by tribal community in Jawhar: Fruits
Method of consumption
Jawhar tribal Fruits are eaten raw
Other Recipe Pickle recipe
- Kakad: 1 kg
- Fenugreek seeds: 12 gm
- Mustard seeds: 70 gm
- Red chilli powder: 40gm
- Salt : 150 gm
- Asafoetida: 30gm
- Oil : 250 ml
- Turmeric powder: 20gm
- Coarsely grinded cloves, black pepper, fennel seeds: 20gm
Bark extact on eye infection
Nutritional and medicinal information
- A study conducted by Thupurani. et al, 2012, determined the anti-oxidant properties of G.pinnata which concluded that the stem bark showed highest scavenging activity followed by the leaf and fruit.
- A study conducted on the chloroform extract of the leaves of G.pinnata showed good anti-microbial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria and fungus A.niger.
- A study conducted by Khatun et al, 2011, concluded that 9´-Desmethylgaruganin I, isolated from the dichloromethane extract of the stem bark of Garuga pinnata Roxb, showed moderate inhibitory activity to microbial growth and weak cytoxicity.
- G. pinnata is widely used in the treatment of cancer, stomach problems, diabetes mellitus, asthma, obesity, splenomegaly, pulmonary infections, to cure opacities of the conjunctiva and to promote healing of wounds, bone fractures etc.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
How to grow it?
They are cultivated for fruits. Seeds are or root cuttings are used for propagation.
Method of storage
2) Edibles: Fruits and perishable and eaten within 2-3 days of harvest. They could be dried and stored in jars in the form of pickle or jam.
The tribes of Bangladesh use leaf juice as astringent; fruits to cure diarrhoea; Stem juice to cure conjunctiva and root decoction to treat pulmonary1.