Plant Name        Hibiscus sabdariffa L.    

                Common name:              

                Marathi:            Ambaadi          

                Hindi:                 Patsun   

                English:              Roselle               

                Jawhar:               Ambadi               

                               

                               

Identification guide

General

It can grow up to 2–2.5 m (7–8 ft) tall.

Stems

The stems, branches, leaf veins, and leaf stalks are reddish purple.

Leaves

The leaves are deeply three- to five-lobed, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long, arranged alternately on the stems.

 Flowers

The flowers are 8–10 cm (3–4 in) in diameter, white to pale yellow with a dark red spot at the base of each petal, and have a stout fleshy calyx at the base, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) wide, enlarging to 3–3.5 cm (1.2–1.4 in), fleshy and bright red as the fruit matures. They take about six months to mature.

                               

Habit / Habitat

It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub

Tropical and sub-tropical regions              

                               

Occurrence

  1. Availability of the plant species in India: Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
  2. Global distribution: Native of India to Malaysia and also found in Africa, West Indies and Central America

                               

Edible parts

World wide use:                                       Leaves

Used by tribal community in Jawhar:     Leaves and Fruits.

                               

Method of consumption

Jawhar tribal

Dried form of leaves and fruit are used. As it is sour to taste only small portion is added while cooking vegetables or curry or fish.

Other Recipe

In Andhra, the leaves are steamed with lentils and cooked with dal.

In Burmese cuisine, the leaves are fried with garlic, dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked with fish.

 

Medicinal use

Jawhar tribe: A small portion of the dried fruit is boiled and the water is consumed to cure cough or stomach infection.

Other:

  1. Infusions of the leaves or calyces are regarded as diuretic.
  2. In East Africa, the calyx infusion, called ""Sudan tea"", is taken to relieve coughs.

                               

Nutritional and medicinal information

Nutritional:

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

Energy =205 kJ (49 kcal)

Carbohydrates =11.31 g

Fat= 0.64 g

Protein= 0.96 g

Vitamins

Vitamin A equiv.= 14 μg

Thiamine (B1) = 0.011 mg

Riboflavin (B2) =0.028 mg

Niacin (B3) = 0.31 mg

Vitamin C = 12 mg

Minerals

Calcium = 215 mg

 Iron = 1.48 mg

Magnesium = 51 mg

Phosphorus = 37 mg

Potassium = 208 mg

Sodium = 6 mg

 

Medicinal:

1.Extracts showed antibacterial, anti-oxidant, nephro- and hepato-protective, renal/diuretic effect, effects on lipid metabolism (anti-cholesterol), anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects among others.

  1. Extracts of HS are effective as a treatment of hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

                               

Harvesting and preserving

For herbage purposes, the plants may be cut off 6 weeks after transplanting, leaving only 3 to 4 in (7.5-10 cm) of stem in the field. A second cutting is made 4 weeks later and a third after another 4 weeks.

The fruits are harvested when full-grown but still tender.            

Jams, sauses and juices are being prepared and preserved.

               

Propagation and Storage

Season of collection

Flowering October-November

How to grow it?

Seeds and cuttings         

                               

Other uses

  1. The plant is used for the production of bast fibre from the stem which may be used as a substitute for jute in making burlap.
  2. The seeds are considered excellent feed for chickens. The residue after oil extraction is valued as cattle feed when available in quantity.

                               

Classification

Kingdom:             Plantae

Division:               Spermatophyta

Sub-division:       Angiospermae

Class:                    Diocotyledonae

Sub-Class:           Polypetalae

Series:                  Thalamiflorae

Order :                  Malvales

Family :                Malvaceae

Genus :                Hibiscus

Species :              sabdariffa

                               

                               

   

References.

1 http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/31495

2 http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Kenaf.html

3 https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/afcm/kenaf.html

4 https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/afcm/kenaf.html

5 http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Hibiscus+cannabinus

6 file:///C:/Users/Swati.tomar/Downloads/5824_Nutritional%20evaluation%20of%20whole%20kenaf%20(hibiscus%20Cannabinus%20l.)%20Seed%20meal%20In%20rats.pdf%20(1).pdf

7 http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/issues/biy-07-31-4/biy-31-4-5-0708-1.pdf

8https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3593772/
9http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030881461400692X

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