Plant Name Hibiscus sabdariffa L.
It can grow up to 2–2.5 m (7–8 ft) tall.
The stems, branches, leaf veins, and leaf stalks are reddish purple.
The leaves are deeply three- to five-lobed, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long, arranged alternately on the stems.
The flowers are 8–10 cm (3–4 in) in diameter, white to pale yellow with a dark red spot at the base of each petal, and have a stout fleshy calyx at the base, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) wide, enlarging to 3–3.5 cm (1.2–1.4 in), fleshy and bright red as the fruit matures. They take about six months to mature.
Habit / Habitat
It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub
Tropical and sub-tropical regions
- Availability of the plant species in India: Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
- Global distribution: Native of India to Malaysia and also found in Africa, West Indies and Central America
World wide use: Leaves
Used by tribal community in Jawhar: Leaves and Fruits.
Method of consumption
Dried form of leaves and fruit are used. As it is sour to taste only small portion is added while cooking vegetables or curry or fish.
In Andhra, the leaves are steamed with lentils and cooked with dal.
In Burmese cuisine, the leaves are fried with garlic, dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked with fish.
Jawhar tribe: A small portion of the dried fruit is boiled and the water is consumed to cure cough or stomach infection.
- Infusions of the leaves or calyces are regarded as diuretic.
- In East Africa, the calyx infusion, called ""Sudan tea"", is taken to relieve coughs.
Nutritional and medicinal information
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy =205 kJ (49 kcal)
Carbohydrates =11.31 g
Fat= 0.64 g
Protein= 0.96 g
Vitamin A equiv.= 14 μg
Thiamine (B1) = 0.011 mg
Riboflavin (B2) =0.028 mg
Niacin (B3) = 0.31 mg
Vitamin C = 12 mg
Calcium = 215 mg
Iron = 1.48 mg
Magnesium = 51 mg
Phosphorus = 37 mg
Potassium = 208 mg
Sodium = 6 mg
1.Extracts showed antibacterial, anti-oxidant, nephro- and hepato-protective, renal/diuretic effect, effects on lipid metabolism (anti-cholesterol), anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects among others.
- Extracts of HS are effective as a treatment of hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
Harvesting and preserving
For herbage purposes, the plants may be cut off 6 weeks after transplanting, leaving only 3 to 4 in (7.5-10 cm) of stem in the field. A second cutting is made 4 weeks later and a third after another 4 weeks.
The fruits are harvested when full-grown but still tender.
Jams, sauses and juices are being prepared and preserved.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
How to grow it?
Seeds and cuttings
- The plant is used for the production of bast fibre from the stem which may be used as a substitute for jute in making burlap.
- The seeds are considered excellent feed for chickens. The residue after oil extraction is valued as cattle feed when available in quantity.
Order : Malvales
Family : Malvaceae
Genus : Hibiscus
Species : sabdariffa