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Plant Name: Lagerstromia parviflora Roxb.

Common name:

Marathi:          Bondara

Hindi:              Bakli, Sida

English:           Small-flowered Crape Myrtle

Jawhar:           Bondara

 

Interesting facts and history

The leaves of L. parviflora are fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk, a form of wild silk of commercial importance in India.

 

Identification guide

General

About 15 m height

Bark      

Bark dark brown or greyish-black, vertically furrrowed, exfoliating in long, thin flakes; blaze dull yellow.

Leaves 

Leaves simple, opposite; stipules intrapetiolar, deciduous; petiole to 5 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 3.5-7.5 x 2-3 cm, elliptic, obovate-elliptic or oblong, base round or acute, apex acute, acuminate or obtuse-retuse, margin entire, glabrous or shortly pubescent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent.

Flowers

Flowers bisexual, 2 mm across, white, fragrant, in lax axillary panicles; calyx tube 7 mm, campanulate, with a ring inside, smooth without; lobes 6, to 3 mm, appressed to the capsule in fruit; petals approx. 6 mm, ovate-suborbicular; claw 4 mm; stamens many, inserted near the base of the calyx tube, exerted; filaments to 1 cm; anthers 0.5 mm; ovary 2.5 mm, half inferior, sessile, glabrous, 4-6-celled, ovules many; style to 1 cm, curved; stigma capitate.

Fruit     

Fruit a capsule, 3 x 1.5 cm, 3-4 valved, ovoid, brown; seeds many; wing terminal with a thick curved back

 

Habit / Habitat

Decidous tree

It is usually found in Moist and Dry Deciduous Forests, but also occasionally on hills above 500m in the deciduous belt in full sun

 

Occurrence

1) Availability of the plant species in India: Western and Eastern Ghats

2) Global distribution: Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, northern Australia, and parts of Oceania.

 

Edible parts

World wide use                                          Leaves, Edible gum

Used by tribal community in Jawhar       Leaves

 

Method of consumption

Jawhar tribal

Tender leaves mixed with other wild vegetable (especially with Dioscorea sp.) and cooked to remove itchiness after taste.

 

 

Nutritional and medicinal information

 

Pharmaceutical significance

  1. The benzene extract of the leaves of Lagerstroemia paviflora Roxb was tested for its Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) against Gram Positive and gram negative strains and compared with those produced by the standard antibiotic Ciprofloxacin. The crude extract was found to be active against gram negative bacteria even at at lower concentrations and at par with Ciprofloxacin. .
  2. The methanol extract of the leaves of Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb exhibited significant antitussive activity on a cough model induced by sulphur dioxide gas in mice. The extract was being tested with the control in a dose-dependent manner. The extract at 100, 200, 300 mg/kg, showed maximum inhibition of cough reflex at 90 min after drug administration.

The activity was also compared with a standard antitussive agent

 

Harvesting and preserving

Leaves can be directly harvested from wild.

NA

 

 

Season of collection:

Flowering:

February-May1

Fruiting from June onwards

How to grow it?

It can be grown through seeds and stem cuttings propagation.

Method of storage: Seeds for cultivation.

 

Other uses

  1. It is also used worldwide for its timber. The wood of the tree is very hard and durable. Usually it is used for general carpentry like house posts, beams, rafters, door, window frame, carts and agricultural implement.
  2. The bark is a source of tannins and used as black dye.
  3. It is also an excellent fuel tree as it gives a good charcoal.
  4. An edible gum is obtained from the tree, which is sweet flavour

 

Classification    

Kingdom:            Plantae

Division:              Sermatophyta

Sub-division:     Angiospermae

Class:                    Dioctyledonae

Sub-Class:           Polypetalae

Series:                  Calyiflorae

Order:                   Myrtales

Family:                 Lythraceae

Genus:                 Lagerstromea

Species:               parviflora

 

References

 

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