Plant Name Vigna mungo
Common name: Black Gram
Marathi: Gavthi udid
Hindi: Urad daal
English: Black gram
Jawhar: Gavathi udid
Black gram is an erect, hairy, bushy, annual plant with a well-developed taproot, growing 30 - 100cm tall. The stem is diffusely branched from the base. Sometimes the plant adopts a twining habit
profusely branched from the base
trifoliate with ovate leaflets
yellow, small, papilionaceous flowers
cylindrical, erect and hairy pod, broad with a short hooked beak. It contains 4-10 ellipsoid black seeds.
Habit / Habitat
It is cultivated crop and has poor tolerance to wet tropical climates. It requires rich black or loamy, well-drained soils.
Black gram has originated from central Asia. It was domesticated in India and now found in many tropical areas of Africa and Madagascar.
World wide use: Young seedpods, Seeds.
Used by tribal community in Jawhar: Seeds
Method of consumption
Jawhar tribal: Seeds are boiled and cooked in the form of curry, vegetable or soup.
In traditional medicine, the seed is used for its suppurative, cooling and astringent properties. For example, it is ground into a powder, moistened and applied as a poultice on abscesses.
Nutritional and medicinal information
Nutrition of Black gram, 100 gm
Sr. No Parameters Daily % Value
- Total fats 0
- Cholesterol 0
- Sodium 1
- Potassium 28
- Total Carbohydrate 19
- Dietary fiber 72
- Protein 50
- Calcium 13
- Iron 42
- Magnesium 66
- Vitamin B6 15
Harvesting and preserving
Immature pods can be harvested about 60 - 80 days after sowing. Mature beans can be harvested after 75 - 130 days
Propagation and Storage
How to grow it?
It is cultivated
Method of storage
1) Propagules and edible parts: Seeds are non-perishable and are stored in a dry place in gunny bags for over the year. Neem leaves or boric powder is mixed with seeds as an anti-fungal and anti-insect agent.
It is cultivated as a fodder crop in countries like USA and Australia.