Plant Name: Argemone Mexicana
Hindi: Satyanashi, Bharband
English: Mexican Prickly Poppy
Prickly poppy is an erect, branched, annual to perennial plant with prickly stems and leaves, growing around 60cm tall.
Branched and extremely prickly and oozes yellow juice when damaged or cut.
Thistle like, alternately arranged, oblong shape, multiple cut, spiny margins with grey-white veins
Solitary, appears at the tip of the branches, showy yellow flowers
Capsulated, prickly, egg-shaped
Habit / Habitat
Pricky, hairless and branching, annual herb
It occurs as a wasteland weed, grows on the road side, fallow and cultivable land, and river or stream banks.
- mexicana is native to tropical and sub-tropical America
Sample collected from: Kasatwadi, Jawhar
World wide use
Used by tribal community in Jawhar
Stem and Seeds
Non edible parts
Toxicity: The seed oil of A.mexicana is reported to be toxic due to sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine alkaloids which are toxic in nature. The plant is toxic to animals and cattle.
Method of consumption
Oil derived from the seeds of A.mexicana is used very rarely and in minute quantity.
Nutritional and medicinal information
Harvesting and preserving
The plant resents being transplanted and should be sown in situ
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
How to grow it?
In wild, seeds are dispersed by wind, water, or birds.
Method of storage
Propagules and Edibles: Seeds are not stored for long duration.
A semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for lighting, making soap etc. It has been applied to wood in order to give protection from termites.
A medicinal fixed oil is obtained from the seed.