Plant Name Nelumbo nucifera
Common name: Sacred Water Lotus
Marathi: Kamal kakadi
Hindi: kamal or Pundarika
English: Indian lotus
Jawhar: Kamal kakadi
Interesting facts and history
- Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Nymphaeaceae), is known as sacred lotus and a well-known medicinal plant.
- The leaves of N. nucifera afford an impressive demonstration of effective water repellence called the “Lotus-Effect” and which may be of great biological and technological importance.
Sacred water lotus is perennial water plant, growing from a tuberous rootstock lying in mud at the bottom of lakes and ponds. The plant produces large leaves which float on the surface of the water.
This plant is the Sacred Lotus of India and it is much cultivated as a food plant in the Orient"
large, round shaped, covered with microscopic hair,
hermaphrodite, terminal on solitary scape, fragrant. Petals in many whorls, pink or white.
spongy torus containing a few oblongobovoid seed
Habit / Habitat
Aquatic perennial herb
Wetland habitats, including floodplains, pond lakes, marshes,pools, langoons, swamp
Native to Asia and flourishes in wide range from India to China
Used by tribal community in Jawhar Seeds
Method of consumption
Jawhar tribal Seeds are roasted and consumed
The Sacred water lotus has been used in the Orient as a medicinal herb for well over 1,500 years. All parts of the plant are used, they are astringent, cardiotonic, febrifuge, hypotensive, resolvent, stomachic, styptic, tonic and vasodilator.
Nutritional and medicinal information
- A study reported that seeds were rich in protein, amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids and minerals, without heavy metal contamination.
Nutritional component of seeds
Paramenters Nutritive value (%)
Crude fat 1.90
Crude fibre 2.70
Nutritive value 348.45 Cal/100g
Parameters Per cent concentration
- Oral administration of the ethanolic extract of rhizomes of Nelumbo nucifera improved glucose tolerance of normal, glucose-fed hyperglycemic and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, when compared with control animals.
- The diuretic efficacy of the rhizomes of Nelumbo nucifera was studied on albino rats which showed a significant increase in natriuretic and chloruretic activity but kaliuresis was less than natriuresis.
- Lotus plumule has been recognised as an anti-inflammatory agent through a study conducted by Chun- Huei Liao et al, 2010.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
Medicinal parts: Annually
How to grow it?
In wild, seeds are dispersed by wind
Method of storage
Edibles: Eaten immediately after harvested from wild. It could be stored over a long period of time due to hard coat.
In different states of India flowers, seeds, young leaves and roots are eaten; lotus rootlets are pickled with rice, vinegar, sugar, chilli and garlic and used with salads, prawns, sesame oil and coriander leaves.