Plant Name Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss
Interesting facts and history
Thorny bamboo (Bambusa bambos) as a species described in 1678, pre-Linnaeus time.
- bambos. It has a flowering period of 43-49 years. In the year 2014-2016 it is flowering in a vast area of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
The plant can grow up to a height of 12 meters, with an 8 cm thickness.
Roots and branches
Culms from a thick stoloniferous (i.e. it is a plant whose stems grow at the soil surface or just below ground forming adventitious roots at the nodes, and new plants from the buds) rhizome, erect, 10-20 cm across; culm sheaths broadly triangular, densely brownish-hairy within, and scattered hairy without.
Leaves up to 20 cm long; sheaths to 12 x .2 cm, linear, glabrous; ligule short, entire; petiole short. Inflorescence a compound panicle with the spikelets in heads.
Spikelets 1-many-flowered, 0.8-2 cm long, oblong, terete. Bracts glume-like. Glumes 1-3, to 5.5 mm, broadly ovate, mucronate. Lemmas to 6.5 mm, lanceolate, mucronate, coriaceous, glabrous. Paleas to 7 mm, 2-keeled, ciliate. Stamens 6. Style 1; stigmas 3. Caryopsis linearly cylindric.
Habit / Habitat
It is a herb.
Found most abundantly in mixed moist deciduous forest, and not so commonly in mixed dry deciduous forest and in semi-evergreen forest, growing best along river valleys and in other moist conditions, on hills at elevations up to 1,000 metres
1) Availability of the plant species in India: Throughout India, except Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim.
2) Global distribution: native to southern Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Assam, and Indochina). It is also naturalized in Seychelles, Central America, West Indies, Java, Malaysia, Maluku, and the Philippines.
World wide use: Seeds, shoots, Soft branches
Used by tribal community in Jawhar :Young Shoots
Jawhar tribal: Young shoots used as a vegetable as well as preserved in the form of a pickle.
Seeds are also reported to be used as for making payasam.
Clean bamboo seeds. Soak in excess water for 24 hour
Pressure Cooking and add melted jaggery
Concentrate it by heating and continous mixing while adding coconut milk and milk. Add ghee, fried cashew nuts, raisins and powdered cardamom.
The juice from the soft branches of Bamboo during its burning is collected and is used to get relief from pain and to cure the infection of the ear.
Nutritional and medicinal information
Bamboo shoots possess high protein, moderate fiber, and less fat content. They are also known for having essential amino acids, selenium and potassium.
Per 100 g of young shoots for green stem cultivators contain:
ascorbic acid (3.1mg)
- Hydro-alcoholic leaf extracts of Bambusa bambo consist of β-sitosterol and stigmasterol and might be used as a safe alternative to estrogen replacement therapies. The extract was not cytotoxic to MCF-7 cells and is reported to induce cell proliferation as well increased cell multiplication.
- The seeds are also reported to have contraceptive property, Piper betle (2-4 gm roots) and Bambusa bambos (2-4 gm seeds) are taken orally in form of a tablet on empty stomach. However no scientific evidence or research had been carried out to verify the same.
Shoots should not be eaten raw as a cyanogenic glycoside taxiphyllin is present in raw shoots. It has several side effect on human health and processing is require to eliminate the toxic compound.
Harvesting and preserving
Tender shoots and stems are harvested from wild.
Shoots are being preserved in the form of pickle.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection
Leaf Fall: March--May, Flowering: Once in a life time, Fruiting: Once in a life time
How to grow it?
Direct sowing of seeds- it has a short viability of less than 3 months in normal storage.
Plants can also be propagated vegetatively by rhizome, culm and branch cuttings and could be raised in a nursery and after the production of roots and rhizomes they could be planted out in the field during the rainy season in pits filled with a mixture of compost and soil.
Dispersers: bird, Self, Insects
Pollinators: Bee, Wind
Method of storage : Seeds"
- It is used as a wind breaker and live fence widely.
- Leaves are fed to the cattle for fracture repair in tribal areas of Maharashtra, Orissa.
- Stem used to make flutes, ladders, baskets and poles.
- In India, bamboo is used for making paper, since it provides good quality paper pulp.
Family : Graminae
Genus : Bambusa
Species : bambos