Plant Name: Heracleum grande (Dalzell & A. Gibson) Mukhop.
Marathi: Bafali/ Baphali
Hindi: Duku, Daku
English: Wild carrot, hill carrot
Jawhar: Ran aalu, Alu, Tera
It is an erect herb 3-4 ft in height.
Roots and stems
roots are large perennial; stem is fistular, emitting strong scent on crushing
Leaves are pinnate or bi-pinnate, mostly radical
Fruits (mericarps) are obovate or broadly elliptical, 10-13 mm long, narrow winged, reddish yellow having powerful lemon like odour.
Flowers are yellow compound umbels
Habit / Habitat Herb
In India it is found on the Western Ghats and the hills of Deccan plateau.
1) Availability of the plant species in India: Western Ghats, Maharashtra
2) Global distribution: It is native to Europe, Asia, North East Africa, South West America, Iran and India
World wide use Leaves, roots and seeds
Used by tribal community in Jawhar Leaves, roots and seeds
Method of consumption
- Steamed leaves are sauté in oil to make sabji.
- Chatani prepared from fruits.
The fruit is used in curries as a flavouring agent .
Traditional medicinal Use
- Seed powder and root decoction is used to cure stomach pain.
- Decoction of leaves used for stomach-ache.
The infusion of the fruit is used in doses of ½ to 1 ounce like that of fennel seeds, as carminative, diuretic and stimulant in flatulency, gastric and intestinal disorders etc.
Nutritional and medicinal information
- Dried seeds and fruits were tested to analyse the nephroprotective activity of H. grande against the Cadmium salt. Cadmium is an industrial pollutant which affects kidney and produces reactive oxygen species (ROS). Increased level of ROS could lead to severe damage to cell structures and the condition is called as oxidative stress. The study showed that pre-treatment by the H. grande is able to prevent the deteriorative effects induced by Cd salt on the kidney of Wistar rats. Protective mechanism involved the reduction of increased oxidative stress in the renal cells along with the rebuilding of histopathological changes against its administration.
Propagation and Storage
Season of collection: Monsoon.
How to grow it?
By sowing of seeds
Method of storage
Storage of the Propagules: No specific method
Storage of the Edible parts: No specific method
5 Devasagayam T, Tilak JC, Boloor KK, Sane Ketaki S, Ghaskadbi Saroj S, Lele RD (October 2004). "Free Radicals and Antioxidants in Human Health: Current Status and Future Prospects". Journal of Association of Physicians of India (JAPI) 52: 796.